Zeus – the presiding deity, the son of the Titans Kronos and Rhea. He is the almighty Father of the Gods, the lord of the winds and clouds, rain, thunder and lightning. With the blow of scepter Zeus caused storms and hurricanes, but also could appease the forces of nature and clear sky from clouds. Cronus, fearing to be defeated by his children, swallowed all the older brothers and sisters of Zeus immediately after their birth. But Ray instead of the youngest son gave to Kronos a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes, and a baby secretly raised on the island of Crete. Matured Zeus sought to settle with his father. His first wife, wise Metis, daughter of the ocean, advised him to give his father a potion which helped all swallowed children to be free.
Overcoming Kronos, Zeus and the brothers divided the world among themselves. Zeus chose the sky. Effect of Zeus spread to all areas. But he hadn’t power over the destiny. Being the “father of men and gods,” Zeus was a formidable punishing force. By his command was chained to a rock Prometheus who stole God’s fire for the people. He sent a flood to the Earth and solved the Trojan War, punishing the human race because of violent behavior.
But over the time, the world has changed and the Olympians became not so cruel. Goddess Mnemosina bore nine Muses for Zeus. Thus, in human society appeared law, science, art and morality. Zeus was also the father of the great heroes – Hercules, Dioscuri, Perseus, Sarpedon, famous kings and wise men – Minos, Radamanf Eaka. Love affairs of Zeus with mortal women, and with the immortal goddess, became the basis of many myths that have caused permanent antagonism between him and his third wife Hera, goddess of marriage legitimate.
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