Management is the act of getting people together to fulfill certain goals and objectives. Management activities do not take place for free but at a fee. Available resources have to be used effectively for the goal to be accomplished. This is the human action to facilitate a system in order to produce the outcome. Management can be measured by comparing the outcome in a system. This is comprised of enforcing the following processes in a group of people planning, organizing, leading and controlling in order to accomplish goal. This service of management is rendered by a person known as the manager.
Planning involves the function of the management line. It is the act of setting goals and determining the action to be taken in order to achieve these objectives. For planning to be effective, the manager has to be aware of the natural conditions facing the industry or the organization and predict the future. Managers are also required to be good, quick and wise decision makers. There are several steps that are involved in planning. These processes start with understanding the surrounding environment, which are the environmental hazards that might affect the organization. Competitors need to be recognized and their customers. Planning must aim at attempting to forecast about the future (Williams 56).
Objectives are key issues that must be established during planning whereby they comprise statement of what achievements to be made and the time taken for implementation. During planning this is when the alternative ways are identified, which are used to achieve these objectives which are the most important. Decision about the alternative measures should be done and should be followed during achievement of the objectives (Williams 48). Planners must then come up with the required steps which ensure the plans are implemented. Individuals involved during planning should ensure they have adequate time to evaluatetheir plan and take the required action immediately.
Organizing in management set up involves developing the structure in which everybody should be allocated in his or her line of duty to meet the organization goals and objectives. This arrangement of working staff involves co-ordination of their expertise making work easier. The organization structure is ranked according to individual power and line of duty where bye power is arranged from bottom to top in an ascending order. Orders should come from top to bottom but not bottom going up. Requests should be made from bottom going up in system of power given to responsible individuals (Williams 8).
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Jobs should be arranged in an organization where duties and responsibilities are allocated to individuals. The manner in which duties should be performed should be well demonstrated. Decisions should be made about the nature of the job.
In an organization set up should be clearly drawn well into different departments or clusters to make coordination easier. Different ways on how to departmentalize includes, grouping by their functions, Products being produced, Geographical location and customers served. Departments vary on the size of the organization large organization requires many departments compared to small organizations (Williams 7).
Leading involves the act of influencing others by showing the reason and possibilities of attaining organization goals and objectives. For leading to be effective in an organization this should starts with the leader. Manager should motivate the staffs by recognizing those who do good, offering them with holidays, giving them bonuses and releasing them to go home early. Communication is a very effective tool in an organization so managers should communicate effectively. Power should be used effectively but not to unddermine those under the power. By showing these factors as a leader subordinates must show effort toward attaining of the organizations goal (Williams 9).
Managers should understand the capacity of every person as not every body is perfect to all the fields’ one must be weak on one side. By understanding this manager gains confident with the staffs and work effective. A manager should be a good leader to set an example to the rest and follow.
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Controlling in an organization involves that the best service being given or the standard of the product does not deviate. Controlling is basically divided into three different areas. First, there is comparison of actual performance against standards. Secondly, coming up with controlling of comparison performance then lastly taking control of corrective action when necessary (Williams 6). In an organization manager should not control emotions or attitudes of the subordinates but he should control the contributing factors toward the fulfillment of the organization objectives. Managers should control operation processes and procedures for delivery as this is the last step in the production process. Products delivery marks the end of the industry processing.
For management process to be complete all the above process must be done effectively. In order for a person to perform well in the line of management all the above roles must be played perfectly .Management cannot be seen but the results of management are displayed. This is why experience in every field is required to act as manager. By proper implementation of these processes good results comes out as a result of good management. An employee in an organization believes that hard work is determined by the manager. Process of management requires an individual with experience and hard work in theory to make management easier he or she should be able to manage self then you proceed to the rest.